Orvis 1874 Patent Reel

In 1874 Orvis were granted a patent on May 12th 1874. These reels have become very collectible but many people think they are all the same. Well they look similar but how do you know what model is what? The answer lies in the method of construction of the reel

Orvis 1874 Patent Reel Second Model in fitted box
Orvis 1874 Patent Reel Second Model in fitted box

The first model has the patent details scratched on the foot. Additionally the pillars were riveted and there was no rear bearing cap.

1874 Orvis patent reel First model
1874 Orvis patent reel First model
Orvis 1874 patent reel first model
Orvis 1874 Patent Reel First Model.

This second model has the same riveted pillars but with a bearing cap with the patent details.

1874 Orvis patent reel second model with endcap
1874 Orvis patent reel second model with end cap
1874 Orvis patent reel second model with end cap patent detail
End cap detail for second model.
1874 Orvis patent reel third model with end cap and patent detail stamped on the backplate
1874 Orvis patent reel third model with end cap and patent detail stamped on the backplate

This third model saw a change with the rivets being replaced by screws and the bearing cap with a screw and the patent details on the backplate.

The forth and final model change saw an on/off check fitted

1874 Orvis patent reel forth model with end cap and patent detail stamped on the backplate and on off check
1874 Orvis patent reel forth model with end cap and patent detail stamped on the backplate and on off check

Charles Orvis introduced the reel in 1874 and was listed in their catalogues till some time around 1920 when it was discontinued. The example with the Berlin 1880 International Fisheries Exhibition is the second model and helps to date when this particular model was introduced. The Berlin exhibition was the first time that the reel was shown in Europe.

Angling auctions will sell this lot, 18, at the 3rd October 2020 sale.

Berlin 1880 International Fisheries Exhibition Medal
Berlin 1880 International Fisheries Exhibition Medal Awarded to Orvis
Berlin 1880 International Fisheries Exhibition Medal
Berlin 1880 International Fisheries Exhibition Medal awarded to Orvis

A quick note regarding the introduction of a reproduction model, the way to differentiate between an original and the reproduction is in the handle. The reproduction handle faces the hinges whereas in the original it is the handle arm. Compare this image with the first one.

Reproduction Orvis 1874 Patent Reel box.
Reproduction Orvis 1874 Patent Reel box.

I would like to thank Mike Nogay for his help in identifying the models. More information can be found on the ORCA website

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